India is a vibrant, culturally diverse country that has maintained its roots for many years through its exquisite arts and crafts. The foundation of Indian culture, which has received international prominence and is one of the reasons tourists visit the nation, is provided by traditional crafts. These Indian handicrafts offer a window into the past and present of every part of the nation. Indian traditional handicraft have a long and rich history. Check out the special mentions and the list of traditional Indian crafts from various states that we have put together.
1. Kondapalli Dolls, Andhra Pradesh
This more than 400-year-old art form uses soft wood called tella poniki to manufacture toys, with each component being individually carved. Afterwards, these fragments are attached using makku, a sawdust and tamarind seed powder paste. After the toys have dried, details are added, and they are colored using either vegetable dyes and enamel paints or oil and watercolours. Every year, during the Sankranthi holiday, these toys are on display in a display known as Bommala Koluvu.
2. Bamboo and Cane Craft, Arunachal Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh is well known for its products due to the state’s abundance of cane and bamboo. Each tribe has its own weaving style and pattern, making the craft a living heritage with a wide range of variations. Every tribe has a high level of craftsmanship, and each region has its own style of bamboo and cane objects.
3. Weaving And Embroidery, Assam
Weaving and embroidery are regarded as two of Assam’s primary cottage industries and have promoted Assamese textiles on a global scale. They include eri, muga, handwoven cotton, and pat (mulberry silk) (wooly silk). Mekhela chadar, gamocha, saris, shawls, mats, and napkins are among the state’s popular domestic handicrafts. These Assamese traditional crafts have patterns that represent the region’s various tribes and ethnic groupings.
4. Madhubani Painting, Bihar
One of the oldest and most well-known types of Indian art is this folk art from Bihar, which is also known as Mithila art. One of the most well-known traditional crafts from India is the madhubani painting. They are typically decorated with geometric patterns and vibrant colors using fingers, twigs, or matchsticks (today used as pen nibs). These hues are created using organic plant and other natural substances.
5. Wall Paintings, Chhattisgarh
The traditional wall murals of Chattisgarh show images of rites practiced by the local tribes. In Chattisgarh, the celebrations of their traditional festivals are shown in the majority of the wall murals. The flooring and walls are painted in vivid colors, transforming them into rural works of art.
6. Lavo Mandri, Goa
This is a distinctively Goan form of art. Mandri weaving is a practiced craft in India (mat in Konkani). Lavo, a type of wild grass grown in the marshy land of fields, is used to create these mats, despite the fact that it is not a thriving craft.
7. Zari Work, Gujarat
Gujarat is home to numerous examples of Indian traditional crafts. The embroidery done with zari, or gold thread, is among the most well-known. It is a complex craft to produce elaborate designs by weaving finely spun gold or silver thread into materials, mainly silk. One of the most well-known and intricate methods of metal embroidery is this one. It is also one of India’s most well-known traditional crafts. One of the oldest handicrafts is zari work, and Surat is one of India’s largest and most significant centers for zari production.
8. Embroidery, Haryana
To showcase its weaving skills, Haryana manufactures a variety of traditional handicrafts, including shawls, durries, robes, and lungis. The Haryana shawl known as the phulkari, however, is unbeatable. Phulkari, which is typically worn with a ghagra choli, is produced by the female family members and takes a very long time to make—sometimes even many years. It has exquisite embroidery with beautiful colors that almost always follows a geometric pattern.
9. Wool Weaving, Himachal Pradesh
Due to the low temperatures in Himachal, it comes as no surprise that nearly every household in Himachal owns a pit-loom, a type of loom that fits inside a pit. Each region has its typical style. For example, the Kullu region is famous for its shawls that contain striking patterns and vibrant colours, while in Chamba district, weaves assume a chequered pattern.
10. Wood Craft, Jharkhand
The surrounding lush forests are entirely to blame for woodcraft’s rise to one of Jharkhand’s most prosperous businesses. Windows, door panels, boxes, wooden spoons, and other items that are both functional and aesthetically pleasing are made from this wood by artists. This art is really well-liked because of the high caliber of the woodcraft and the wood from Jharkhand.
11. Bidriware, Karnataka
This is a distinctive metal craft made in Bidar that dates back to the Bahamani Sultans’ reign in the 14th century CE. This traditional Indian handcraft, also referred to as “Bidri art,” is distinctive because of the eye-catching inlay work. Bidriware is made from a blackened zinc and copper alloy that is then covered in thin sheets of pure silver. This Karnataka-made craft is among the most well-liked traditional crafts in India.
12. Coconut Shell Handicrafts, Kerala
While it is quite difficult to carve out fine designs on a strong exterior, this lovely eco-friendly handicraft from Kerala takes aesthetics and ability. One of the traditional crafts of Keralan artisans, who also carve out beautiful collectibles like sugar jars, boxes of all sizes and forms, and showpieces with brass edges, is this one.
13. Durries Weaving, Madhya Pradesh
One of the two types of carpet made in Madhya Pradesh are called durries. One of the best Indian handicrafts are these thick cotton rugs. They are woven using a method known as punja, and feature geometric weaving, bright colors, dramatic patterns, and traditional designs with bird and animal motifs.
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